Definition of medical Cupping :
Medical Cupping is the process of withdrawing blood in a controlled and sterile environment. Much like Chinese moxibustion, it utilizes cups and a suction device after making very light superficial scratches on the surface of the skin.
It is stated that the Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) said “Indeed the best of remedies you have is hijama, and if there was something excellent to be used as a remedy, then it is hijama.” However, in today’s day and age, we seek science to back up medicinal procedures. There are several theories as to why the work of cupping is effective and research continues in China and many countries of the world to explain the work of medical cupping and its effects on dis-ease.
Types of cupping
1- Dry cupping
Dry cupping utilizes minimal cup suctioning. A minimum amount of force is used to draw an area of skin and sub-dermal tissue slightly into the cup. This increases surface tension and is used to relieve local pain and congestion/inflammation in the area below the cup. Dry cupping involves no superficial scratches made on the skin, nor extraction of blood. It may be used alone OR as the first step before the practitioner proceeds with wet cupping.
2- Wet cupping
Wet cupping Is the most prevalent and widely used medical cupping technique. Very light superficial scratches are made on the skin in order to extract blood. A suction pump is attached to the cup which facilitates the extraction of a small amount of blood. Such a technique stimulates blood circulation, decreases congestion and inflammation, and rids the body of toxins.
3- Altdlakih Almetzhalqh Cupping
This type of cupping targets an area of fat on the body. Olive oil or peppermint oil is used which lubricates and makes movement and suction easier. The use of oil allows the cup to slide easily in order to increase blood flow and increase the collection of blood and toxins from various areas. The cups are moved in a circular and clockwise motion to stimulate the region being treated.